Union and West End Cemetery

The Union and West End Cemetery is located in center city Allentown. The main entrance is on 10th Street at 10th and Chew Streets. The cemetery is mantained by a dedicated group of volunteers. Ten board members (also volunteers) serve the cemetery association and manage the finances, make application for grants, solicit donations and participate in the maintenance of the cemetery.

Friday, December 01, 2006


Union Army Structure

Using the 'Army of the Potomac' as an example, the structure of the Union Army during "The War Between the States", was as follows:

Army of the Potomac

Corps - averaged about 10,000 men.

Division - usually numbered between 3,000 and 6,000 men each.

Brigade - numbered about 1,000 to 2,000 men each.

Regiment - Each brigade contained four or more reigments. Unlike the Confederate Army, the Union Army put regiments in brigades without regard to their state of origin. Thus, it was common for a Pennsylvania regiment to serve in a brigade with two or three other regiments from different states.

Company - Each Regiment contained anywhere from five to ten companies. A company generally contained about 200 men.

At the regimental level, Field and Staff officers would consist of the following:

Colonel - One.
Lt. Colonel - usually two.
Major - one or more.
Adjutants - at least one.
Quarter Master - one or two.
Surgeon - one or more.
Asst. Surgeon - two or more.
Chaplain - at least one.
Sgt. Major - One
Quarter Master - One.
Commissary Sergeant - generally only one.
Hospital Steward - generally only one.
Musician - As many as a dozen or more.

Typical company structure:

1st Lieutenant
1st Sergeant
Sergeant - three or more.
Corporal - ten or more
Private - the vast majoriity of the men in the ranks are Privates when they enter service and privates when muster out.

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