Friday, December 01, 2006
Union Army Structure
Using the 'Army of the Potomac' as an example, the structure of the Union Army during "The War Between the States", was as follows:
Corps - averaged about 10,000 men.
Division - usually numbered between 3,000 and 6,000 men each.
Brigade - numbered about 1,000 to 2,000 men each.
Regiment - Each brigade contained four or more reigments. Unlike the Confederate Army, the Union Army put regiments in brigades without regard to their state of origin. Thus, it was common for a Pennsylvania regiment to serve in a brigade with two or three other regiments from different states.
Company - Each Regiment contained anywhere from five to ten companies. A company generally contained about 200 men.
At the regimental level, Field and Staff officers would consist of the following:
Colonel - One.
Lt. Colonel - usually two.
Major - one or more.
Adjutants - at least one.
Quarter Master - one or two.
Surgeon - one or more.
Asst. Surgeon - two or more.
Chaplain - at least one.
Sgt. Major - One
Quarter Master - One.
Commissary Sergeant - generally only one.
Hospital Steward - generally only one.
Musician - As many as a dozen or more.
Typical company structure:
Sergeant - three or more.
Corporal - ten or more
Private - the vast majoriity of the men in the ranks are Privates when they enter service and privates when muster out.
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